Php CURL模拟登陆论坛并采集数据实例

//取到了关键的cookie文件就可以带着cookie文件去模拟发帖,fid为论坛的栏目ID
$send_url = $discuz_url . "post.php?action=newthread&fid=2";

<?php
$discuz_url = '
$login_url = $discuz_url .'logging.php?action=login';//登录页地址

模拟浏览器登陆应用开发,最关键的地方是突破登陆验证。CURL技术不只支持http,还支持https。区别就在多了一层SSL加密传输。如果是要登陆
https网站,php记得要支持openssl。还是先拿一个例子来分析。

$post_data = array();
//帖子标题
$post_data['subject'] = 'test2';
//帖子内容
$post_data['message'] = 'test2';
$post_data['topicsubmit'] = "yes";
$post_data['extra'] = '';
//帖子标签
$post_data['tags'] = 'test';
//帖子的hash码,这个非常关键!假如缺少这个hash码,discuz会警告你来路的页面不正确
$post_data['formhash']=$formhash;

$post_data = array();
//帖子标题
$post_data['subject'] = 'test2';
//帖子内容
$post_data['message'] = 'test2';
$post_data['topicsubmit'] = "yes";
$post_data['extra'] = '';
//帖子标签
$post_data['tags'] = 'test';
//帖子的hash码,这个非常关键!假如缺少这个hash码,discuz会警告你来路的页面不正确
$post_data['formhash'] = $formhash;

//获取表单FORMHASH
$ch = curl_init($login_url);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HEADER, 0);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);
$contents = curl_exec($ch);
curl_close($ch);
preg_match('/<input\s*type="hidden"\s*name="formhash"\s*value="(.*?)"\s*\/>/i',
$contents, $matches);
if(!empty($matches)) {
$formhash = $matches[1];
} else {
die('Not found the forumhash.');
}

 代码如下

 

<?php$cookie_file=tempnam('./temp','cookie');$login_url='/bbs/logging.php?action=login&loginsubmit=yes';$post_fields='username=用户名&password=用户密码&referer=index.php&formhash=24eca8af&loginfield=username&questionid=0&loginsubmit=登录';$ch

curl_init($login_url);curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_HEADER,0);curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER,1);curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_POST,1);curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS,$post_fields);curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR,$cookie_file);curl_exec($ch);curl_close($ch);$url='/bbs';$ch
=curl_init($url);curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_HEADER,0);curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER,1);curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE,$cookie_file);$contents=curl_exec($ch);echo
$contents;curl_close($ch);?>

//POST数据,获取COOKIE,cookie文件放在网站的temp目录下
$cookie_file = tempnam('./temp','cookie');

$ch = curl_init($send_url);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HEADER, 0);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, $cookie_file);
$contents = curl_exec($ch);
curl_close($ch);

$post_fields = array();
//以下两项不需要修改
$post_fields['loginfield'] = 'username';
$post_fields['loginsubmit'] = 'true';
//用户名和密码,必须填写
$post_fields['username'] = 'tianxin';
$post_fields['password'] = '111111';
//安全提问
$post_fields['questionid'] = 0;
$post_fields['answer'] = '';
//@todo验证码
$post_fields['seccodeverify'] = '';

CURL实现网站模拟登陆

//清理cookie文件
unlink($cookie_file);

$ch = curl_init($send_url);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_REFERER, $send_url);       //伪装REFERER
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HEADER, 0);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 0);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, $cookie_file);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POST, 1);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $post_data);
$contents = curl_exec($ch);
curl_close($ch);

$ch = curl_init($send_url);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HEADER, 0);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, $cookie_file);
$contents = curl_exec($ch);
curl_close($ch);

要模拟浏览器访问网站,首选要学会观察浏览器是如何发送http报文的,以及网站服务器返回给浏览器
是什么样的内容。我推荐安装一个国外人开发的httpwatch的软件,最好搞个破解的版本,否则有些功能是使用不了的。这个软件安装完成之后是嵌入在
IE里的,启动Record,在地址栏输入网址后回车,它就会将浏览器和服务器之间的所有通讯扫描出来,让你一览无遗。关于这个软件的使用在本文不做介
绍。

$ch = curl_init($login_url);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HEADER, 0);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POST, 1);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $post_fields);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, $cookie_file);
curl_exec($ch);
curl_close($ch);

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